International Day of Yoga: India's Narendra Modi leads 50000 in dawn exercises
Indiaâs prime minister Narendra Modi performed dawn exercises with as many as 50,000 people on Thursday as he led celebrations to mark the fourth International Day of Yoga.
The Hindu nationalist leader has incorporated yoga into his personal brand, each year leading the flagship display of a world event that was recognised by the UN at his request.
Estimated to have originated in India some 5,000 years ago, yoga has ballooned into a Â£60bn lifestyle industry with teachers, followers and commercial enterpri ses linked to the discipline around the world.
And while the spiritual practice is not seen as being tied to any single religion, critics say Mr Modi has utilised yoga in promoting his vision of India as a predominantly Hindu nation.
This year, Mr Modi led exercises in the town of Dehradun in the foothills of the Himalayas. He urged Indians to be proud of their culture and history.
âThe gems of Indiaâs unique heritage, such a s yoga, will be respected by the world at large only when we ourselves respect our culture and traditions,â he said.
Around the world, public yoga events were held in Afghanistan, Japan and Peru, while Australia and South Africa celebrated on Monday.
âFrom Tokyo to Toronto, from Stockholm to Sao Paulo, yoga has become a positive influence in the lives of millions,â Mr Modi told participants on the lush green lawns.
âIn a wo rld where non-communicable diseases, stress and lifestyle related ailments are rising, yoga can play a central role in mitigating these diseases to create a healthy mind and body.â
In the buildup to Thursdayâs event, Mr Modi took part in a social media campaign, begun by his BJP party ministers, to get people to share videos of their fitness workouts on Twitter.
Celebrities from Bollywood actors to sports superstars got involved, and Mr Modiâs own video showed him performing yoga on a boulder in his prime ministerial gardens.
Social media was again awash with videos emulating Mr Modiâs on Thursday, including those from staff at Delhi airport, pupils at thousands of schools and members of Indiaâs armed forces.
The Indian navy released pictures of sailors doing yoga on board the worldâs oldest aircraft carrier, the INS Viraat, decommissioned last year, and soldiers guarding the worldâs highest battleground, the Siachen glacier in northern Jammu and Kashmir state, did yoga routines at an altitude of around 18,000 feet.
The events clearly mustered a huge amount of public support. For some, however, there was a sinister edge to having public institutions take part in a scheme closely associated with the prime ministerâs messaging. Even prisons were involved, with 15,000 inmates due to take part in yoga events on Thursday in the capital alone.
Sagarika Ghose, a prominent journalist and political commentator, wrote on Twitter: âBeliever in yoga, try every morning, immense benefits. But concerned: why does a GOVERNMENT need to promote yoga? Yogaâs an individual choice, a personal option.â
Mr Modiâs rule, she said, was âfast becom ing an escapist Bollywood film where song and dance attempt to distract from hard realitiesâ. One of the most liked responses to Ms Ghoseâs tweet told her to âgo to Pakistanâ if she couldnât show loyalty to India.
For Ajay Mehra, a political scientist at Delhi University, the International Day of Yoga âhas become an impositionâ, forced on the people by government.
âSomething like yoga should not be part of a political project,â he told The Independent, adding that there were certain yogic practices â" chanting mantras for instance â" that could be offensive to some groups in a plural society, âMuslims in particularâ.
Mr Mehra noted that Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, stressed the importance of secular, pluralist leadership while also being a devoted practitioner of yoga â" âbut he didnât publicise itâ.Source: Google News India | Netizen 24 India